Apicectomy is a minor endodontic procedure in which the tip of the root is removed. It is performed under local anesthesia. It is performed when infection or cyst persists even after successful root canal treatment or the tip of root cannot be sealed with normal root canal filling.
How it is performed?
The surgeon will first anaesthetized the tooth and the surrounding area. A flap of gingival (gum) tissue is raised and then the tip of root along with some of the infected surrounding bon is removed. Then area is cleaned and disinfected. A small filling is placed in the root to seal the tip. This is also known as retrograde filling. The gingival tissue is sutured back into place.