Bone graft is used as a filler or as a scaffold to facilitate bone formation and wound healing. They are usually done to treat ridge defects which can caused by trauma, infection,, congenital malformation or surgical procedures. The purpose of the bone grafting procedure is to maintain a contour, eliminate the dead space and reduce the post-operative infection.
It is surgical procedure which replaces the missing bone with help of bone from patient’s own body, artificial or synthetic bone. As the natural bone grows it replaces the graft material completely which results in fully integrated new bone.
There are various type of bone which are being used I modern dentistry:
Factor based bone graft
Cell based bone graft
Ceramic based bone graft
Polymer based bone graft